OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEA (OSA) is a breathing disorder in which the individual stops breathing for 10 seconds or longer during sleep. It is characterized by intermittent episodes of complete cessation of breathing due to a total airway collapse, despite a persistent effort to breathe. These pauses can occur 5 to 50 times or more an hour.
When OSA occurs, the tongue falls back into the throat blocking the upper airway, causing airflow to stop. When breathing stops, a family member and/or bed partner hears the snoring broken by a pause until the sleeper gasps for air and awakens. During sleep, this abnormal breathing disrupts ventilation and reduces the amount of oxygen supplied to the blood, lungs, heart, and brain; inducing sleep fragment, disrupting normal sleep cycles, and creating various heart related diseases and general health problems.
OSA is one of the most serious forms of sleep disordered breathing, affecting 15 to 20 million Americans, and a potentially life-threatening medical disorder which progressively worsens with age and weight gain.
According to a report by the American Academy of Sleep Medicine, the most adverse effects of OSA are in the cardiovascular system: systemic hypertension, coronary heart disease, cardiac hypertrophy, cardiac arrhythmias, and increased cardiovascular morbidity/mortility.
Common Signs and Symptoms of OSA:
- Loud snoring
- Nighttime choking spells
- Gasping when awakens
- Excessive daytime sleepiness
- Feeling unrefreshed in the morning
- Morning headaches
- Difficulty falling in deep sleep
- Irritability, Anxiety or Depression
- Decreased libido
- Raise Blood Pressure
- Impaired judgement
- Doze off- resulting in motor vehicle accidents
TMJ, Head & Neck Pain Center would love to meet you and your family and provide you with the Sleep Apnea & TMJ care you need to give you the well being you deserve!